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Group 3 fisheries resources

Fisheries provides food security to the majority of the countries population in terms of protein and essential minerals and Vitamins as rice and fish constitute the stable diet of most Cambodians.

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Group 3 fisheries resources

  1. 1. Fisheries Resources  Professor: Chea Leng, M.Sc.  Presentation By: Keo Song(Leader and Combination)  Kim Hyun Ji  Ouch Raksmeysosoeng  Kang Mouyhong  Paññāsāstra University of Cambodia Sila Samādhi Paññā
  2. 2. OUTLINE  1. Inland Fisheries  2. Fisheries Export  3.Community Fisheries  4.Marine Fisheries
  3. 3. Intoduction  Fisheries provides food security to the majority of the countries population in terms of protein and essential minerals and Vitamins as rice and fish constitute the stable diet of most Cambodians.
  4. 4. I. Inland Fisheries  Inland fisheries are defined as all fishing activities that take place in all water bodies that are not associated with the sea and contribute from 5 to 7% of Cambodia’s GDP.
  5. 5. I. Inland Fisheries  The inland capture fishery is divide into 3 categories: Large scale Fishing Middle Scale Fishing Small Scale Fishing
  6. 6. I. Inland Fisheries  ∞Large Scale Fishing Lots are operated under two years consessions gained via a public auction.  ∞The DoF describes over 70 different techniques and gear ranging from the large scale such as barrage traps and bag nets(dai) to small hand operated gears and traps.
  7. 7. I. Inland Fisheries  >>Middle Scale fisher cans now operate without license and as a result the number of people involve in middle scale has increased.  >>More then 24 types of middle scale fishing gear are defined in the fisheries law. ◊◊The large scale fisheries and small scale fisheries combined 110,300 tonnes.
  8. 8. I. Inland Fisheries  Small scale fisheries or family scale fisheries is not licensed and small sized fishing gear can be used through out the year and through out the fisheries domain except in fish sanctuaries.  Small scale fisheries or family scale fisheries have 140.000 tonnes.
  9. 9. II. Fisheries on Export  Cambodian livelihoods affected by fish trade and export.  Fresh fish products in Cambodia exported widely to neighboring countries such as Vietnam and Thailand, as well as Singapore, China's Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea.
  10. 10. II. Fisheries on Export  There are three things on export from Cambodia, such as having licenses, imposing taxes, and problems on exports.
  11. 11. II. Fisheries on Export  The first thing is having licenses.  Any person or company must obtain an export license. Because all fish product exports are controlled by KAMFIMEX (Cambodia Kampuchea Fishery Import and Export). All of export traders or companies must have an export license from MAFF.
  12. 12. II. Fisheries on Export All of distributors also must have an export license. Each province has distributors, but any person or company cannot distribute on export. All of distributors must obtain licenses from the provincial authorities through an auction system.
  13. 13. II. Fisheries on Export  The second thing is imposing taxes.  Fish and fish products impose taxes by transportation. If all fish products are transported over long distances to reach export gates, its taxes and expenses will impose high prices on export.
  14. 14. II. Fisheries on Export  On the contrary, if it is transported nearby export gates, its taxes and expenses will impose cheap prices on export. However, fish products to transport nearby export gates are rarely happened. Therefore, it causes some problems on export.
  15. 15. II. Fisheries on Export  The last thing is problems such as smuggling and underreporting of catches.  High export expenses motivate smuggling. All of fishermen, export traders or companies want to make a lot of money on fish export, but sometimes their fish products impose high expenses. Therefore, they sell their fish products illegally.
  16. 16. II. Fisheries on Export  Other one of big problem is underreporting of catches. I mentioned in the front, they want to earn money a lot on fish export. For that reason, they report their fish products less than they catch or have.
  17. 17. II. Fisheries on Export  To sum up, fish export affects fisheries, and fisheries affects livelihoods. This means fish export is the most important in Cambodia.  In order to export well, it is good information to know having licenses, imposing taxes, some problems on fish export.
  18. 18. III. Community Fisheries  Commnunity fisheries established is a mechanism that Can improve management of local fisheries and ensure local food security  Tonle Sap is one of the most biggest community fisheries in Cambodia.
  19. 19. III. Community Fisheries  People who live in community fisheries like to do the fish past(Prohoc) and export to the market.
  20. 20. III. Community Fisheries  Stung Treng is the other community fisheries in Cambodia too.  People in that province depend on fisheries resources as main source of protein.
  21. 21. III. Community Fisheries  Local has requested to CEPA for assist them to develop community fisheries on their villages and management of fisheries resource in the Stung Treng Provice.
  22. 22. III. Community Fisheries  The most rarely fishes in Cambodia and affect to extinct.
  23. 23. IV Marine Fisheries Marine fisheries in Cambodia have been slow to develop relative to inland fisheries. Fishing activities can be classified into :  coastal fisheries  and commercial fisheries.
  24. 24. IV Marine Fisheries Fishing production mean :  Largest scale use Dia system  Middle-scale use generally methods  and Smallest-scale use gill nets... Etc Demend  The Cambodian people have a strong preference for freshwater fish and the domestic demand for fish is expected to increase with population growth
  25. 25. IV Marine Fisheries Marine Large Scale Fisheries
  26. 26. IV Marine Fisheries Management The Cambodia fishery law identifies a range of input controls to be used as main management tools:  Fishing permits for commercial fishing,  Licences for offshore boats,  Licences for foreign vessels fishing in Cambodian waters,  Prohibition of illegal fishing gears,  Restrictions on some gear types and sizes,  Prohibition to trawling in waters less than 20 m deep,  Protection of mangrove areas and designated fish sanctuaries,  Closed spawning season for mackerel from 15 January to 31st March,