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Lecture 4 - Sustainable Packaging Design


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Sustainable Packaging Design

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Lecture 4 - Sustainable Packaging Design

  2. 2. Sustainable Packaging Design
  3. 3. In this lecture, we will look at… What is Packaging Design? Functions of Packaging Design Elements of Packaging Design Sustainable Packaging Design Packaging Design Process Adding Sustainability to Design Further Reading/Resources
  4. 4. What is Packaging Design? • Packaging Design is the discipline of creating the structure (container) and visuals (surface graphics) to carry, identify, describe, protect, display and promote a product. It may range from a simple bottle and a label to an elaborate system of boxes and inner packaging. The aspects which are usually reviewed are size and shape, color, closure, outside appearance, protection and economy, convenience, labeling, and the packaging material’s effects on the environment. Packaging is also a key component to the creation of memorable consumer shopper and user experiences, which, either in-store or in use, build on brand values such as fun, community or authenticity as a means of motivating purchase intent and repurchase consideration.
  5. 5. Packaging is a design that has to function Yum butter 10 oz Jar Labels GD USA Package Design Award Winner 2017
  6. 6. Functions of Packaging Design Packaging Design has multiple functions to accomplish such as: • Contain: Hold the product in order to get it to its destination • Identification: Serves as an identification/branding for the product • Protect: Protect the product from the environment such as dirt, dampness etc. • Preserve: Increase the shelf life of the product • Carry: Distribution of the product from manufacturing unit, to the store, to the consumer • Communicate: Product description, marketing, nutritional information, etc. • Display: Display the product at the store, attract attention and motivate sales • Advertise: Packaging serves as a form of direct and indirect advertising • Create an experience for the user…
  7. 7. Packaging Design gives an identity to the product
  8. 8. Packaging Design protects the product
  9. 9. Packaging Design facilitates distribution • Effective packaging design ensures your product is adequately protected from the wide range of mechanical, manual, and environmental hazards it will encounter on its distribution journey. To minimize in-transit damage, a product must be designed to be contained within a series of ever-larger “packages”—from its primary box, carton, can, bottle etc. to secondary packaging like cases and pallets to its means of conveyance, whether van, truck, plane or rail/container car. Each of these last containers has specific space available and potential for damage, as it moves or stops along the way.
  10. 10. Packaging Design facilitates distribution
  11. 11. Packaging Design facilitates distribution
  12. 12. Packaging Design conveys information
  13. 13. Packaging Design attracts attention
  14. 14. Elements of Design in Packaging There are various aspects of packaging design and so are the elements involved in it. • The structure of packaging design consists of: • Shape • Size • Material • Form • Opening and closing of the package • The elements of visual design also known as surface graphics are: • Brand name, product name and logo • Ingredients and nutritional information • Net weight, date of manufacturing, expiry date etc. • Expirations, hazards, directions, dosage, instructions • Bar code, patents, handling symbols, any other legal info
  15. 15. Some icons used in packaging design
  16. 16. Sustainable Packaging Design
  17. 17. Sustainable Packaging Design • Sustainable packaging is packaging that has been manufactured from sustainable materials using energy from renewable sources. The packaging should remain safe and effective throughout its life cycle, after which its component materials should be fully recyclable, thus creating a closed loop of manufacturing and usage. It should still be able to meet the business requirements in terms of cost, performance and safety.
  18. 18. Sustainable Packaging Design • This involves increased use of life cycle inventory and life cycle assessment (LCA) to help guide the use of packaging which reduces the environmental impact and ecological footprint. It includes a look at the whole of the supply chain: from basic function, to marketing, and then through to end of life and rebirth. The goals are to improve the long term viability and quality of life for humans and the longevity of natural ecosystems.
  19. 19. Why Sustainable Packaging? • We live in a world where most of us make purchases on a daily basis. Almost without exception, the goods we buy are supplied in some form of packaging. Thus the importance of sustainable packaging to us and our environment is immense. Packaging containing potentially toxic or hazardous materials poses a risk to humans and eco-systems. A great deal of energy is used in the production of packaging and most often, the source of that energy is fossil fuels add millions of metric tons of carbon dioxide and methane into the atmosphere per year while such discarded packaging ends up in landfills or oceans causing soil, water, and plant contamination. Our planet's natural resources, such as minerals and fossil fuels, clean water and cultivable land have limited availability. By using sustainable packaging, manufacturers and consumers can eliminate these contaminants that destroy the atmosphere, soil and water of our planet.
  20. 20. What is Sustainable Packaging? Sustainable Packaging: • Is beneficial, safe & healthy for individuals and communities throughout its life cycle • Meets market criteria for performance and cost • Is sourced, manufactured, transported and recycled using renewable energy • Optimizes the use of renewable or recycled source materials • Is manufactured using clean production technologies and best practices • Is made from materials healthy throughout the life cycle • Is physically designed to optimize materials and energy • Is effectively recovered and utilized in biological and/or industrial closed loop cycles
  21. 21.
  22. 22. Sustainable Packaging Design • Minimising materials Sustainability goes hand in hand with source reduction. In other words, reducing the volume of primary materials or wherever possible reducing the total amount of packaging used with any product is a sensible design objective. • Using recycled materials The greater the volume of recycled materials that can be designed into packaging, the more the industry's environmental footprint can be reduced. Recycled materials generally use less energy therefore, produce less greenhouse emissions. • Using renewable materials Designers should aim to maximise the use of materials from renewable sources, such as paper, card and bio polymers, in the manufacture of packaging products. The computer giant, Dell, have been examining the viability of packing materials based on bamboo, wheat straw and mushroom-derived material.
  23. 23. This plastic liquid soap bottle from Method might look ordinary but it’s what it’s made of that’s so innovative. The company created the bottles sing a blend of recycled plastic, and plastic collected from the oceans. the-bottle/ocean-plastic/
  24. 24. Marian Obando is the brains behind these clever egg cartons. They use newspaper and hay to cushion the eggs, and are wrapped with a small piece of recycled paper with information about the product.
  25. 25. Sustainable Packaging Design • Minimising risks associated with potentially toxic and hazardous materials Packaging containing potentially toxic or hazardous materials poses a risk to humans and eco-systems. The design process should identify such materials and, where possible, remove them. • Designing for transport More efficient use of transport for distribution can make a significant reduction in energy consumption. Packaging needs to be designed in ways which reduces weight, maximises the use of space and uses bulk packaging where appropriate. 'Cubing out' is the process of filling a shipping container to its most effective potential. Therefore packaging should be carefully designed, with thought given to how it is packed in bulk not just as a single item. • Designing for reuse Packaging which has been designed to be reused can, in cases where it is appropriate, make significant savings in energy and raw material usage.
  26. 26. Sustainable Lightbulb Packaging That Can Take On Other Uses
  27. 27. Brazilian agency saad branding+design, has come up with this conceptual packaging solution for lightbulbs. What makes this project so interesting is the sustainable factor, or the exploration of the use of the packaging for more than just its initial purpose.
  28. 28. Sustainable Packaging Design • Designing for recovery Companies which use recyclable materials when designing their packaging and provide the consumer with appropriate recycling information are making a positive contribution towards maximising recovery and recycling rates. • Designing for consumer accessibility Designing packaging to meet consumer accessibility expectations should take into account a number of requirements. Consumers demand forms of packaging which are safe, easy to open and which provide clear labelling and information. What is more, they expect this to be provided without the cost of the packaging adding excessively to that of the product itself.
  29. 29. The bag introduced by Puma to pack their shoes is a good example of sustainable and eco-friendly packaging. The company structured a cardboard sheet and made the bag. This helped them to save 65% of cardboard. The bag has no laminated printing. It weighs less, which is a plus in the energy saving department, and takes up only less space. Also, the need for another bag to carry the shoe box is eliminated by this design.
  30. 30. Packaging Design Process
  31. 31. Process of Design in Packaging • Packaging design blends shapes, graphics, materials and more to create functional solution that appeals on many sensory levels: visually, tactilely, emotionally. From classic design hierarchies to contemporary styles, packaging design concepts elevate a brand or product line above the competition and can help expand its market potential into new outlets or new demographics. • For example, Apple’s packaging which isn’t about a color, or a paper, it is about the simplicity executed through structural design and attention to detail. The manner in which the lid releases the base of a box with a smooth uninterrupted vacuum, how the bagasse inserts fit seamlessly into the base, and the overall weight and sturdiness of the pack speak to the brand’s design intent across all touch points. • The process of packaging design may vary by; industry, long and short term goals, and the purpose each pack will serve however they are rooted in a thorough understanding of the product, people and goals.
  32. 32. Process of Design in Packaging There are several questions to answer to before starting the designing of the packaging: • What is the product? • What is the product and which is the brand? • What is the size of the product? • What is the shape of the product? • What is the weight of the product? • What is the consistency (liquid/solid) of the product? • What are the ingredients/materials in the product? • What is the shelf life of the product? • Is it a luxury product or a fast-moving consumer product? • This information will help to understand the material to be used for packaging the product, its approximate shape and size.
  33. 33. Process of Design in Packaging • Who’s buying the product? • Is the product going to be used by men, women or both? • Is it for children or adults? • What is the age group of the people who will buy this product? • What is their income group? • What is their occupation? • What is their education level? • Is it geared towards people who need to have a special interest or ability to use the product? • It is important to know who the consumer is before starting the design process because the packaging design must appeal to its ideal consumer and cater to their needs. For example, products for older adults may need larger text.
  34. 34. Process of Design in Packaging • How are people buying the product? • Are they purchasing it in a supermarket? • A small store around the corner? • Online? • What are their purchasing characteristics? • If the product is going to be sold online and shipped then they probably shouldn’t have a lot of extra space that could cause the product to rattle around or the package to bend. And those that will be sold in the supermarket or a store must have a shelf value too because it will need to stand-out from its competitors and be able to catch the eye of a buyer.
  35. 35. Process of Design in Packaging • The designer should also gather information about: • What is the brand positioning? • What is the history of the brand? Has this product been sold before? • Who are the competitors? • What does their packaging look like? • What is the unique point of the brand and/or the product? • Contents that will go on the packaging • Text • Graphics • Required marks – such as instructions for use etc. • Temporary marks – such as sale, special offer etc.
  36. 36. Process of Design in Packaging • The designer then decides the packaging layers: • There are three “layers” of product packaging: outer packaging, inner packaging and product packaging. Any product may need one or all three of these. • Outer packaging is the first thing a customer is going to see. It’s what protects the product from the elements. This could include the box that the product is shipped in or the shopping bag the item is placed in at the store. • Inner packaging is what keeps your product nestled safely in the outer packaging. This might be packing peanuts or tissue paper that stops something from getting jostled or scuffed. Or it might be a sealed bag that acts to preserve freshness. • Product packaging is what most people think of when they think of packaging: it’s the box the toy comes in, the bottle with a label, the tag on a garment, the wrapper of a candy bar.
  37. 37. Process of Packaging Design This is followed by: • Ideation – think of concepts to best represent the product • Sketches – make rough layouts of ideas to reflect your thoughts • Mockups – start with a 2D design of the front panel of the package and then create 3D mockups to show the entire package • Refinement – make the necessary changes/modifications • Prototype – create a final 3D prototype • Production – prepare the flat artwork with crop/fold marks ready to be send for printing
  38. 38. Adding Sustainability to Design
  39. 39. Adding Sustainability to Design • To accomplish sustainable packaging, design practice must be adapted and expand beyond what is already a broad skill set: designers are skilled systems thinkers, capable of investigating, understanding, synthesizing and proposing useful and appealing responses to the system of human needs and wants. Lifecycle-to-Design can advance an aesthetic in which potential adverse environmental impacts are considered and managed and positive impacts optimized. Designers need to make smart decisions about product lifecycles and material and energy flows and apply that knowledge to transform the entire packaging design of the product.
  40. 40. Adding Sustainability to Design 1 Begin with a LCA and understand it. • The L2D process begins with a reference lifecycle assessment. The designer can use the LCA to fully understand the product system and the product’s potential environmental impacts. 2 Translate the lifecycle impact insights into design goals. • The LCA’s impacts and conclusions can be stated as design goals, which aim to reduce or eliminate negative impacts and increase positive impacts. In this way, designers can derive design goals using lifecycle and environmental impact information relevant to the product system rather than create generic or narrowly focused environmental goals.
  41. 41. Adding Sustainability to Design 3 Select and propose strategies that address the stated design goals. • Using design goals derived from the LCA, a variety of design strategies can be considered. 4 Create design concepts using strategies based on the lifecycle goals. • Use the strategies to aid in creating design concepts that directly address lifecycle impacts and improve lifecycle performance. The purpose is also to inspire innovative design concepts. 5 Iteratively test and improve the concepts. • The design solution may be tested and evaluated in terms of form, function and sustainability and feedback should be integrated in the design.
  42. 42. nutshell In a Designing sustainable Packaging
  43. 43. Resources • • • • design-process • packaging