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Lesson 7

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龍騰第七課

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Lesson 7

  1. 1. Lesson 7 Elevators Ups and Downs
  2. 2. Vocabulary 1. elevator (n.) [C] 電梯 There should be at least one elevator if the apartment has more than five stories. 2. annual (adj.) (=yearly) 一年一度的 The Bluefin Tuna Cultural Festival is an annual event in Pingtung. • elevate (vt.) 提升 The purpose of education is to elevate the mind and bring out the best in a person.
  3. 3. Vocabulary 3. building (n.) [C] 建築物 Tony’s office is on the top floor of the building. build (vt.) 建造 It took several years to build an undersea tunnel. build a fire V.S. set a fire
  4. 4. Vocabulary 4. invention (n.) [U] 發明 The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way people communicate. • invention (n.) [C] 發明物 What do you think is the coolest invention in history? • invent (vt.) 發明 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. • inventor (n.) [C] 發明家 Thomas Edison is among the greatest inventors in world history.
  5. 5. Vocabulary 4. invention (n.) [U] 發明 The invention of the Internet has greatly affected the way people communicate. • invention (n.) [C] 發明物 What do you think is the coolest invention in history? • invent (vt.) 發明 Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone in 1876. • inventor (n.) [C] 發明家 Thomas Edison is among the greatest inventors in world history.
  6. 6. Vocabulary 5. practical (adj.) 實際的 <=> impractical (adj.) 不實際的 Jack’s idea of going to work by taxi every day is not practical at all. 6. skyscraper (n.) [C] (=a high-rise) 摩天大樓 Taipei 101 is the best-known skyscraper in Taiwan. practically (adv.) 幾乎 ; 差不多 (=almost) Cooking is much easier than you think. Practically anyone can cook.
  7. 7. Vocabulary 7. century (n.) [C] 一世紀;一百年 Albert Einstein was voted Person of the 20th Century. 8. power (vt.) (usually passive) to give something the energy to move or work 以⋯⋯為動力 Some new cars are powered by electricity. • powerful (adj.) 充滿力量的;強的;有力的 Sports cars are more powerful than common cars.
  8. 8. Vocabulary • power (vt.) 以......為動力 If cars can be powered by solar energy, air pollution will be greatly reduced. • power (n.) [U] (能源)力 ; 力量 Knowledge is power. • electric/water/nuclear power 電/水/核能 • beyond one’s power 某人無能為力 It is beyond my power to give you the help you are asking for. You have to ask someone else.
  9. 9. Vocabulary 9. team n. [U] 蒸氣 We know the water is boiling when steam is coming out of the pot. • steam (vt.) 蒸煮 Before you steam the fish, don’t forget to put some salt and pepper on top.
  10. 10. Vocabulary 10. electricity (n.) [U] 電 Don’t waste electricity. When you leave the room, make sure you turn off all the lights. • electric (adj.) 電動的 Using an electric fan is cheaper than using an air conditioner. • electronic (adj.) 電子的 Hank’s dad bought him an electronic dictionary as a birthday gift. electrician n. [C] 電工 An electrician installs and fixes electrical equipment.
  11. 11. Vocabulary 10. electricity (n.) [U] 電 Don’t waste electricity. When you leave the room, make sure you turn off all the lights. • electric (adj.) 電動的(用電力發動的) Using an electric fan is cheaper than using an air conditioner. • electronic (adj.) 電子的(與電子或電腦裝置相關的) Hank’s dad bought him an electronic dictionary as a birthday gift. electrician n. [C] 電工 An electrician installs and fixes electrical equipment.
  12. 12. Vocabulary • electric (adj.) 電動的(用電力發動的) electric shock electric chair electric blanket electronic (adj.) 電子的(與電子或電腦裝置相關的) electronic music electronic book =e-book electronic mail =e-mail
  13. 13. Vocabulary 11. passenger (n.) [C] a person riding in a car, a bus, an airplane, an elevator, etc. 乘客 Luckily, no passengers were hurt in this car accident. 12. install (vt.) to put something in place so that it is ready for use 安裝 The engineer helped install new computers in our office. • installation (n.) [U] 安裝 The installation of the new elevator will take three more days. passenger(n.) 乘客 passer-by(n.)路過的人 pedestrian(n.)行人
  14. 14. Vocabulary 13. story (n.) [C] 樓層 The businessman made big money and bought a ten-story office building downtown. 14. spread (vi.) (vt.) (spread→spread→spread; spreading) to move outward; to send out in different directions 蔓延;擴散 The fire spread quickly through the house and killed two people. It is wrong to spread incorrect information on the Internet. spread (n.) [U] 蔓延;擴散 The spread of the disease is faster than we can imagine. • spread like wildfire 迅速蔓延開來 The rumor spread like wildfire.
  15. 15. Vocabulary 13. story (n.) [C] 樓層 The businessman made big money and bought a ten-story office building downtown. 14. spread (vi.) (vt.) (spread→spread→spread; spreading) to move outward; to send out in different directions 蔓延;擴散 ; 伸展; 塗抹 The fire spread quickly through the house and killed two people. It is wrong to spread incorrect information on the Internet. spread (n.) [U] 蔓延;擴散 The spread of the disease is faster than we can imagine.
  16. 16. Vocabulary 15. nowadays (adv.) in modern times 現今;時下 Nowadays, more and more people ride their bikes to work. 16. frustrating (adj.) 令人挫折的;令人洩氣的 Many teenagers find it frustrating to communicate with adults. • frustrated (adj.) 沮喪的 Chuck felt frustrated because he couldn’t learn to play the piano well. • frustrate (vt.) 使(人)感到喪氣 Being rejected by his client again frustrated the salesman. • frustration (n.) [U] 沮喪 Fred felt deep frustration because he didn’t get into his dream college.
  17. 17. Vocabulary 17. exit (vi.) (vt.) to go out of a place 出去;離場 The man quickly exited for fear that people might realize he didn’t tell the truth. The audience was led to exit the theater in a fire. exit (n.) [C] 出口 entrance (n.)入口 This plane has three emergency exits on each side. 18. concept (n.) [C] an abstract idea 觀念;概念 It took a long time for people to agree with the concept that the Earth is round.
  18. 18. Vocabulary 19. limited (adj.) within a certain range 有限的 The world’s natural resources are very limited. • limit (vt.) 限制 A lack of work experience will limit your chance to find a good job. • limit (n.) [C] 限制 Don’t ever drive over the speed limit, or you’ll get a speeding ticket. The sky’s the limit. • limitation (n.) [C] 限制 The students were unhappy that the school set limitations on the styles of their hair.
  19. 19. Vocabulary 20. similar (adj.) almost the same 相似的 Ted’s new watch is very similar to yours. • similarity (n.) [C] 相似點 Japanese noodles share some similarities to Chinese noodles. 21. express (adj.) fast; without unnecessary stops 快速的;直達的 Take the express highway, and you’ll save up to forty minutes. • express (v.)表達 It’s difficult for Jason to express himself in foreign language. • express (n.) [C, U]快車; 快郵 ; 快遞 This parcel needs to be sent by express. • similarity (n.) 相似性
  20. 20. IDIOMS AND PHRASES 1. rush hour. the time when many people are going to or returning from work or school 交通尖峰時間 It’s difficult to avoid traffic jams during rush hour. 2. up to. as many as; as much as 多達;高達 There were up to 5,000 fans at the pop star’s concert last Saturday. 3. rather than. not; instead of 並非;而不是 For breakfast, my father likes to have coffee rather than milk.
  21. 21. Examples 1. The invention of the elevator has made it possible for us to make practical use of skyscrapers. 2. The Internet makes it easy for people to share information. 課本 句型 Sentence pattern I. I. S + make + it + adj. + (for sb.) + to VR
  22. 22. 補充 It is + adj. + (for sb.) + to + VR... that + S + V... It為虛主詞,代替真正的主詞to + VR或that引導的名詞子句 例: ▪It is necessary for students to eat breakfast every day. ▪It is dangerous to drive in the heavy rain. ▪It is amazing that my grandfather can play games on his iPad.
  23. 23. 1. 跟朋友們去露營是有趣的。 → _______________________________________________ 2. 放送的氣氛讓跟朋友們去露營變得有趣。 → _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ It is fun to go camping with friends. The relaxing atmosphere makes it fun to go camping with friends. 補充 3. 像隻鳥一樣非是不可能的。 → _______________________________________________ 4. 身體的限制讓像隻鳥一樣飛變得不可能。 → _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ It is impossible to fly like a bird. The limits of the human body make it impossible to fly like a bird.
  24. 24. Practice Complete the sentences using “S + make + it + adj. + (for sb.) + to VR” and the key words given. The first one has been done for you. 課本 練習 1. fire/impossible/the dancers/go on stage on time → The fire has made it impossible for the dancers to go on stage on time.
  25. 25. 課本 練習 2. take sleeping pills/easier/Joe/fall asleep →________________________________ _______________________________ 3. Adam’s/sore throat/difficult/him/speak/last week →________________________________ ________________________________ 4. the new bridge/convenient/the villagers/get to the other side of the river →________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________
  26. 26. 課本 練習 5. the ABC song/easy/remember all the 26 English letters →________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________ 6. the microwave oven/possible/cook a meal within seconds →________________________________ ________________________________ ________________________________
  27. 27. Examples 1. Such useful inventions show how small, creative changes can make life much more convenient. 2. The computer decided which floors each elevator would stop at. 3. Jane wanted to know when she could pick up her clothes. 課本 句型 Sentence Pattern II. II. Noun Clause: wh- + S + V
  28. 28. 1. wh- 疑問詞(who, what, where, when, why, how, which)引導名詞子句當動詞的「受詞」: • Sophie and her family were trying to decide which movie they would watch tonight. 此外,that、whether 和 if 所引導的名詞子句,也 有類似的功用: • Everyone knows that Kevin and Judy are a couple. • Do you know whether/if it will snow tomorrow? 補充
  29. 29. (1) 當wh- 疑問詞本身就是主詞時,就維持原直述句 的結構,不需要變換。 • Who got hurt in the accident? → Do you know who got hurt in the accident? (2) 當前後子句主詞相同時,wh- + to VR可代替原先的 wh- + S + can/should/must + VR子句,且具備以下 功能:當主詞 • Where you can go depends on how much money you have. → Where to go depends on how much money you have. 補充
  30. 30. Practice A Fill in the blanks with the correct wh-words. 課本 練習 1. No one knows ____________ the old man lives. 2. You can ask the waiter ____________ today’s special is on the menu.
  31. 31. 課本 練習 3. Tell us ____________ you’ll be back. We’ll pick you up at the airport. 4. Most Westerners don’t know ____________ they should use chopsticks to eat. 5. The police want to know ____________ the man in black is.

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