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New media and investigative journalism

New media and investigative journalism.

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New media and investigative journalism

  1. 1. Investigative journalism Leveraging new and social media Sanjana Hattotuwa TED Fellow 2010 Editor, Groundviews (
  2. 2. what is social media? • Social media uses Internet and web-based technologies to transform broadcast media monologues (one to many) into social media dialogues (many to many). It supports the democratization of knowledge and information, transforming people from content consumers into content producers. (Wikipedia)
  3. 3. what is new media? • New media is a term meant to encompass the emergence of digital, computerized, or networked information and communication technologies. • New media is not television programs, feature films, magazines, books, or paper-based publications. (Wikipedia) • But increasingly, old media is leveraging the web, Internet and mobiles in generating and disseminating news and information.
  4. 4. social media landscape over 2011
  5. 5. new media foundations • Blogs • Social networks (Twitter, Facebook) • Mobiles: SMS, mobile photography and video • And making this all possible is ADSL + 3G wireless broadband
  6. 6. what’s new • Ubiquity of two way communications • Addressable peoples, even those who IDPs or refugees • Both news generation and dissemination leverages new media • Disintermediated models vs. traditional media model • Citizens as producers • Low resolution content broadcast on high definition media
  7. 7. old media model Event / Issue Journalist Mainstream media Consumer
  8. 8. new media models Event / Issue Consumer Citizen media Journalist Mainstream Consumer media
  9. 9. the revolution Journalist Consumer News as a package Consumer / Journalist Witness News as a conversation
  10. 10. what is out there?
  11. 11. bearing witness: Groundviews
  12. 12. bearing witness: Groundviews
  13. 13. readership and reach: web media From 19 – 27 May 2010, Groundviews ran a special edition on the end of war in Sri Lanka. Over this week alone, the site received over forty thousand readers and exclusively featured over eighty-thousand words of original content, one video premiere, over a dozen photos, generating over one hundred and fifty thousand words of commentary. Tens of thousands more have read and commented on this content since.
  14. 14. commemorating Lasantha
  15. 15. online video: Vikalpa YouTube Channel
  16. 16. alternative politics in Sinhala: Vikalpa
  17. 17. news from provinces: Perambara
  18. 18. boondi: alternative Sinhala critiques
  19. 19. kottu: blog aggregation
  20. 20. kottu: blog aggregation
  21. 21. sinhala bloggers union: Sinhala blog aggregation
  22. 22. sinhala bloggers union: Sinhala blog aggregation
  23. 23. twitter: topical, pithy perspectives
  24. 24. curated content
  25. 25. curated content = selecting the best produce
  26. 26. curating news • Buying fruits of vegetables • Curating news • Check price • Check authorship • Weigh it in one’s hands • Check for veracity, quality • Is it accurate, fair, topical? • Look at it from all angles • What is the bias? Is it progressive? • Look at it in context • Select a few from many sources • Look at a few, not just one • Discard if out-dated information is • Discard if old presented • Be suspicious if it looks too good • Be cautious of unverified information and breaking news • Ascertain location where it was produced • Is the producer local or foreign?
  27. 27. curated twitter content on sri lanka: news
  28. 28. curated twitter content on sri lanka: blogs
  29. 29. facebook for work
  30. 30. social networking: facebook 550 million+ users
  31. 31. social networking: facebook 550 million+ users
  32. 32. social networking: facebook
  33. 33. social networking: facebook
  34. 34. social networking: facebook reach Avg. FB account: 130 friends Groundviews FB page has 2,439+ fans Updates featured on ~317,000+ FB accounts. Instantly.
  35. 35. social networking: facebook reach with $0
  36. 36. social networking: facebook video
  37. 37. global trends in investigative reporting and social media
  38. 38. distributed reporting The Guardian deploying its community to help dig through 458,832 members of parliament (MP’s) expense documents
  39. 39. community sourced mapping In Columbia, South Carolina, journalists of The State Media Company newsroom noticed something didn’t smell right in their town. It wasn’t corruption, but an actual stink that was permeating the air outside. Betsey Guzior, the features editor, decided to call on the community to help investigate the smell using an open Google Maps.
  40. 40. local examples from groundviews
  41. 41. flooding in Colombo
  42. 42. student unrest in sri lanka unrest-in-sri-lanka
  43. 43. student unrest in sri lanka unrest-in-sri-lanka
  44. 44. political hypocrisy presidency
  45. 45. political hypocrisy presidency
  46. 46. 18th amendment & executive presidency
  47. 47. election media spending
  48. 48. wastefulness
  49. 49. managing content: pulling in
  50. 50. essential email: gmail / google account
  51. 51. google search: updates from social media
  52. 52. google news: thousands of sources
  53. 53. google alerts: thousands of sources
  54. 54. google reader: a web based RSS reader
  55. 55. Managing content: Pushing out
  56. 56. blogging
  57. 57. blogging
  58. 58. blogging
  59. 59. blogging via phone
  60. 60. video
  61. 61. broadcasting via a PC
  62. 62. ustream: mobile phone broadcasting
  63. 63. enduring challenges • Impartial, accurate coverage still vital, increasingly hard to ascertain • Torrent of information, trickle of knowledge • Veracity and verifiability • Eye-witness accounts are partial, subjective • New media / technology illiteracy even amongst journalists • Apathy and animosity against citizen journalism • Licensing and attribution of online content
  64. 64. key points: recap • New technologies potentially give voice to all citizens • Be sceptical of new information, but use new media to push and pull content • Develop media literacy to embrace new technologies
  65. 65. Thank you