Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Partnership Accounting

7,331 views

Published on

Partnerships generally are associated with the practice of law, medicine, public accounting and other professions, and also with small business enterprises

Published in: Education
  • Writing good research paper is quite easy and very difficult simultaneously. It depends on the individual skill set also. You can get help from research paper writing. Check out, please ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • You might get some help from ⇒ www.WritePaper.info ⇐ Success and best regards!
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • You might get some help from ⇒ www.HelpWriting.net ⇐ Success and best regards!
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here
  • ..............ACCESS that WEBSITE Over for All Ebooks ................ ......................................................................................................................... DOWNLOAD FULL PDF EBOOK here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } ......................................................................................................................... Download Full EPUB Ebook here { http://bit.ly/2m6jJ5M } .........................................................................................................................
       Reply 
    Are you sure you want to  Yes  No
    Your message goes here

Partnership Accounting

  1. 1. 1 Introduction of Partnership Accounts
  2. 2. 2 Characteristics of Partnership  2 – 20 owners  Governed by the Partnership Ordinance  A partnership agreement can be drawn up to define the rights and obligations of the partners. If no agreement, the Partnership Ordinance applies  A partnership has no separate legal identity except for the limited partners  A limited partnership may also be formed, which means that at least one unlimited partner
  3. 3. 3 Partnership Agreement  Not all partnership have agreements.  However, a written partnership agreement will help prevent problems and solve dispute between the partners
  4. 4. 4 Terms of agreement  Amount of capital to be contributed by each partners  Ratio in which profits and loss to be shared between partners  Rate of interest, if any to be allowed on partners’ capital  Rate of interest, if any, to be charged on partners’ drawings  Rate of interest, if any, to be allowed on partners’ loans to firm  Salaries to be paid to the partners
  5. 5. 5  In the absence of partnership agreement, the Partnership Ordinance applies which states: 1. All partners may contribute capital equally 2. Profits and losses are to be share by partners equally 3. No interest is to be paid on capital 4. No interest is to be charged on partners’ drawings 5. Partners are entitled to interest of 5% per annum on loans to the firm 6. No salaries are allowed to partners
  6. 6. 6 Features of Partnership Accounts  Profit and Loss Appropriation Account  It is drawn under the trading and profit and loss account  It shows the distribution of profits among the partners  Capital Accounts  These accounts record the amount of capital by each partners
  7. 7. 7  Current Accounts  As the partnership makes profit/loss, and the partners take the firm’s resources for private uses, there will be fluctuation in the partners’ capital balances. A current account is set up to maintain constant capital balances of the partners as stated in the agreement.  Current account is to record:  Share of profit /loss  Interest on capital  Interest on drawings  Interest on loans  Drawings  Partners’ salaries
  8. 8. 8 Accounting Treatment Items Accounting Entries Capital contributed in cash Dr. Cash Cr. Partners’ Capital Accounts Share of profits Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Cr. Partners’ Current Accounts Share of losses Dr. Partners’ Current Accounts Cr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Interest on capital Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Cr. Partners’ Current Accounts Partners’ salaries Dr. Profit and Loss Appropriation Cr. Partners’ Current Account
  9. 9. 9 Items Accounting entries Interest on partners’ loan Dr Profit and loss appropriation Cr Partners’ current Partners’ drawings Dr Partners’ current Cr Partners Drawings Interest on drawings Dr Partners’ current Cr Profit and loss appropriation
  10. 10. 10 Profit and Loss Appropriation
  11. 11. 11 Peter and John Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31 December 1997 Partners’ Salaries Peter X John X X Net Profit b/f X Interest on Drawings Peter X John X XInterest on Capital Peter X John X X Share of Profit Peter X John X X X X T- Form
  12. 12. 12 Peter and John Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31 December 1997 Net Profit X Add: Interest on Drawings Peter X John (%*drawings) X X Less: Partners’ Salaries Peter X John X X Interest on Capital Peter X John (%* capital) X X Share of Profit Peter (1/2) X John (1/2) X X Sales X Less: Cost of goods sold Opening stock X Add: Purchases X Less: Closing stock X X Gross profit X Less: Expenses Rent X Lighting X X
  13. 13. 13 Capital account Peter John Peter John Bal b/f X X Current account Peter John Peter John Bal b/f X Share of profit X X Interest on capital X X Partners’ salaries X X Bal c/f X X X Bal b/f X Interest on drawings X X Drawings X X Bal c/f X X X Debit balance
  14. 14. 14 Peter and John Balance Sheet as at 31 Dec 1997 Fixed assets Cost Dep. Net Buildings X X X Furniture X X X X X X Current assets Stock X Debtors X Bank X X Less: Current liabilities Creditors X Working capital X X Financed by: Capital – Peter X - John X X
  15. 15. 15 Current account Peter John Total Opening balance X (X) add: Share of profit X X Partners’ salaries X X Interest on capital X X X X Less: Drawings X X Interest on drawings X X X X X X Long term liabilities 15% Loan X X Debit balance
  16. 16. 16 Example 1
  17. 17. 17 Tom and David are in partnership, sharing profits and losses equally. The Following is their trial balance as at 31 December 1997. Dr Cr Fixed assets 400000 Provision for depreciation 40000 Stock as at 1 Jan 1997 10000 Sales 290000 Purchases 150000 Expenses 30000 Capital – Tom 197000 - David 197000 Current – Tom 8000 - David 2000 Drawings – Tom 5000 - David 5000 Debtors 70000 Bank 80000 10% Loan from Tom 20000 752000 752000
  18. 18. 18  Additional information: 1. Stock in hand as at 31 December has been valued at cost at $30000 2. Depreciation is to be provided at 10% per annum on the straight line bases 3. Pat interest on capital at 1% and charge interest on drawings at 5% 4. Partners’ salaries are $10000 to Tom and $5000 to David
  19. 19. 19 Tom and David Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31 December 1997 Opening Stock 10,000 Purchases 150,000 160,000 Less: Closing Stock 30,000 Cost of Goods Sold 130,000 Gross Profit 160,000 290,000 Expenses 30,000 Depreciation 40,000 Interest on Loan (20,000 X 10%) 2,000 Net Profit 88,000 Sales 290,000 Gross Profit 160,000 160,000 160,000 290,000 Example 1
  20. 20. 20 Tom and David Trading and Profit and Loss Account for the year ended 31 December 1997 Partners’ Salaries Tom 10,000 Interest on Capital Tom 1,970 David 1,970 3,940 Net Profit 88,000 David 5,000 15,000 Share of Profit Tom (1/2) 34,780 David (1/2) 34,780 69,560 Interest on Drawings Tom 250 David 250 500 88,500 88,500
  21. 21. 21 Tom and David 1997 Current Account Tom David 1997 Tom David Jan 1 Bal. b/f 2,000 Dec31 P&L Appropriation -Int. on Drawings 250 250 31 Drawings 5,000 5,000 31 Bal. c/f 51,500 34,500 Jan 1 Bal. b/f 8,000 Dec 31 Profit and Loss Appropriation - Int. on Capital 1,970 1,970 - Profits 34,780 34,780 - Salaries 10,000 5,000 31 Profit and Loss - Int. on Loan 2,000 56,750 41,750 56,750 41,750
  22. 22. 22 Tom and David Fixed Assets 400,000 Less: Provision for Dep. 80,000 Current Assets Stock 30,000 Debtors 70,000 Capital Accounts Tom 197,000 David 197,000 394,000 Current Accounts Balance Sheet as at 31 December 1997 320,000 Bank 80,000 180,000 Tom 51,500 David 34,500 86,000 Long-term Liabilities Loan from Tom 20,000 500,000 500,000
  23. 23. 23 Net profit 88,000 Interest on Drawings 500 88,500 Partners’ salary Tom 10,000 David 5,000 Interest on capital Tom 1,970 David 1,970 18,940 69,560 Share of profit Tom 34,780 David 34,780 69,560
  24. 24. 24 Minimum Share of Profits  Sometime, one of the partners is guaranteed a minimum profit. If the amount of profits shared according to the normal profit-sharing ratio is smaller than the minimum share, that partner will get his/her minimum share first, while the balance of the profits is to be shared between the other partners
  25. 25. 25 Example 2
  26. 26. 26  Paul, Betty and Rose are in partnership sharing profits in the ratio of 5:3:2. Rose is guaranteed a minimum share of profits of $10000. Profits for the years ended 31 Dec 1996 $200000 31 Dec 1997 $42000 Required Calculate the share of profits to each partner for 1996 and 1997 are:
  27. 27. 27 Paul, Betty and Rose Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31 December 1997 Share of Profit: Paul (5/10) 100,000 Net Profit 200,000 Betty (3/10) 60,000 Rose (2/10) 40,000 200,000 200,000 200,000 Paul, Betty and Rose Profit and Loss Appropriation Account for the year ended 31 December 1997 Share of Profit: Paul (5/10 X 32,000) 20,000 Net Profit 42,000 Betty (3/10 X 32,000) 12,000 Rose (guaranteed) 10,000 42,000 42,000 42,000

×