• To be able to understand the basic history of Sikhism
• To know what the five K’s are at the end of the lesson
• To understand what a Gurdwara is
• To understand the main Rites of passenger of Sikhs
• Around 1500 CE
• Punjab area of
South Asia (Now
parts of India and
• Guru Nanak started
• At the time the area
was distinctly Hindu
How did Sikhism begin?
• There have been 10 human Gurus
• The Guru is seen as an enlightened
teacher, not a God
• Each Guru would appoint his
• The last human Guru (Guru
Gobind Singh) appointed the Sikh
sacred texts as the final and
enduring Guru (Referred to as Sri
Guru Granth Sahib)
What are the Gurus?
What are the 5 K’s?
What do they Represent?
of the concepts
The Khanda is
made up by
some of the 5
are the 5
What are the 5 K’s?
• The 5 K’s are objects that most Sikhs carry to represent
different aspects of their religion.
• The reason they are called the 5 K’s is because the name
of all 5 objects begin with a ‘K.’
• Sikhs who carry these 5 K’s are called Khalsa. Khalsa
• Both men and women can carry the 5 K’s.
• Each one of the 5 K’s has a different significance, but they
all just as important as each other.
• The 5 K’s are………
Hair is part of
by having uncut
hair it shows the
for all body
is a steel
The Kara also
restrained and not
against the Guru’s
The Kara is
worn on the
a pair of
should not go
below the knees.
helps to stop
them of their
and a clean
The Kanga is
used to brush
the uncut hair,
keeping it neat
is a sword.
defense of God
and defense of
The rule is
What is the place of worship?
The Gurdwara is the Sikh
place of worship. Gurdwara
means gateway to the guru.
• Services are based
on the writings in
the Guru Granth
Sahib. A scripture of
a collection of
with chants and
prayers from the
gurus known as
• The service ends with a
shared meal known as
• Langar is served to
everyone who attends
• The food is shared out
by the Granthi, which is
the person who looks
after the Gurdwara.
• When both the mother and child are ready to move
about, they are taken to the Gurdwara along with
the rest of the family.
• They recite hymns from the Guru Granth Sahib.
• Karah Prashad and Amrit are prepared.
• The new-born's name is chosen from the Hukam. The
Granthi randomly opens a page from the Guru
Granth and recites the hymn on that page. The
name is chosen by the first letter of the first word on
What is a Nam Karan?
• A Sikh marriage is called Anand Karaj.
• The Guru Granth Sahib is present during the
• While reciting the Lavan the couple must walk
around the Guru Granth Sahib four times.
• Wedding ceremonies can be performed by any
Sikhs who has gone through the Armit initiation.
• Sikhs believe in monogamy.
• Widows and widowers may remarry.
• Child marriage is forbidden.
What is an Anand Karaj?
• Death is considered a natural process.
• Public displays of grief at a funeral is discouraged
and so is worshipping the dead with gravestones.
• Cremation is what Sikhs prefers.
• Before cremation the body is cleaned and clothed
by a family member.
• Hymns are recited, while being cremated they
recite a night time prayer and Ardas is performed.
• Non continuos reading of the whole Guru Granth
Sahib takes place and concludes on the 10th day.